The worldwide population rise corroborated with the raise of the health-care standards have generated an escalation of the antibiotic production and uncontrolled usage. The subsequent effects of this escalation have led to an increase of the antibiotic resistance rates, Romania is in the top of the EU countries regarding the antibiotic resistance rates, and to a continuous presence in the environment, including the aquatic environment. Unfortunately, the present design of the classical WWTPs is not optimized for the efficient removal of antibiotics since these compounds may have highly soluble and polar molecular structures. Instead, antibiotics removal using microorganisms could be an ecofriendly solution to this environmental issue, as long as their antibiotic degradation structures are not more toxic than the antibiotic itself. In the present review, we focus on the environmental presence and biodegradation of the most commonly used antibiotics as well as on their biodegradation, based on bacterial model, monitored by mass-spectrometric methods.